

Differential Amplifier with R_{E} and Current Mirror Biasing Lab
Objectives:
1. Complete the design of two differential amplifiers, one of which uses emitter resistor
(R_{E}) biasing, and one of which uses current mirror biasing.
2. Predict, measure and record DC voltages and currents in differential amplifiers which
employ two basic types of constant current biasing.
3. Predict, measure and record AC voltage gain, common mode rejection ratio, and input and
output impedance characteristics of a differential amplifier.
4. Observe the impact on common mode voltage gain, Acm, and common mode rejection ratio,
CMRR, as a current mirror is substituted for the emitter resistor (R_{E}) of a
simple differential amplifier.
Procedure:
1. From the specification sheet for the LM3046, determine typical values for the following
terms at a quiescent collector current of 1mA and V_{ceq} = 3V.
r_{π} = h_{ie}
β = h_{fe}
r_{o} = 1 / h_{oe}
V_{BE}
2. From the above typical values, determine values for PSpice parameters BF, VAF, NF,
and IS. (Use default values for remaining parameters.)
3. Complete the design of the amplifier in Figure 1 by calculating the value of R_{E}
required to set the collector currents of Q_{1} and Q_{2} to 1mA. Assume
matched transistors and neglect the DC voltage drop across the 10Ω resistor at the
base of Q_{1}.
4. Predict the DC node voltages, collector (given) and emitter currents, and I_{Q}.
5. Calculate the single and double ended differential voltage gains (A_{s} and
A_{d}), common mode gain (A_{CM}), common mode rejection ratio (CMRR),
single ended input resistance (R_{i1}), common mode input resistance (R_{icm})
and differential (R_{od}) and single ended (R_{o2}) output resistances for the amplifier.
6. Use PSpice to verify circuit parameter calculations.
7. Construct the circuit of Figure 1, leaving Vg (function generator) initially disconnected from the amplifier.
8. Measure and record the actual DC voltages and currents that were predicted for Step 4.
Compare measurements to predictions and PSpice results.
9. Connect V_{g} to the circuit. Adjust the amplitude of V_{g} to some
convenient value, noting that the signal at pin 2 will be 1/1000 of the function generator
amplitude. Set the frequency of the function generator to 1kHz.
10. Measure and record the actual AC circuit parameters that were predicted for Step 5.
Compare measurements to predictions and Pspice results.
a. Measure single ended output between the collector of Q_{2} and ground.
b. Use ADD, INVERT mode on the oscilloscope to measure the differential double ended
(balanced) output between the collectors of Q_{1} and Q_{2}
c. Use a potentiometer to determine input and output resistances. Be careful to not disturb
the DC quiescent point. You may need to use the DC offset function of your function generator
when determining input resistances, and you may want to use a coupling capacitor when
measuring output resistances.
Figure 1: Differential Amplifier Employing Emitter Resistor Biasing
11. Complete the design of the amplifier in Figure 2 by calculating the value of R_{3}
required to set the collector currents of Q_{1} and Q_{2} 1mA. Consider the
early factors in determining R_{3} for the required I_{Q}.
Question: Are the values of R_{3} and R_{E} (Figure 1) the same? Why / why not?
12. Repeat Steps 4 through 10 for the circuit of Figure 2, with the following exception.
Predict and measure the current through R_{3} rather than R_{E}.
13. Compare the AC circuit parameters (A_{cm} , CMMR , R_{icm} , etc.) of the two
amplifiers. Discuss differences in the conclusions section of your laboratory report.
Figure 2: Differential Amplifier Employing Simple Current Mirror Biasing
Electrical Engineering lab key words: differential amplifier, current mirror, DC biasing, DC circuit
analysis, AC circuits, collector, base, emitter, differential stage, function generator, computer
simulation, Pspice, predictions, frequency, balance resistor, quiescent current, voltage gain.
